Spina Bifida


Spina bifida is a type of birth defect. This type is called a neural tube defect. In spina bifida, a baby's spine does not close completely during early pregnancy. It can begin to develop in a fetus before the mother even knows she is pregnant. In some cases, structures that should be in the spinal canal can slip out. The structures affected involved may include:

  • Membranes that surrounds the spinal cord
  • Nerve roots that connect nerves to the spinal cord
  • Spinal cord
  • Vertebra (back bones) may be deformed

spina bifida
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There are three kinds of spina bifida:

This is the least severe form and can have:

  • No symptoms
  • Small defect in one or more vertebrae
  • Spinal cord and nerves are normal
  • Usually no complications




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