Evolution of orthopedic surgery
Many methods include manipulation, sports movements, using special devices for the limbs or trunk, and performing many delicate surgeries on bones, joints, tendons, and possibly nerves and skin.
Accident and fracture surgery was almost separated from surgery and medicine by the presence of the specialty of the orthopedist who does not practice medicine but only orthopedic fractures of the bones. Since the beginning of the development of Arab medicine, the Arabs separated between general surgery and orthopedics. The Arabs expanded on his research and treated all kinds of fractures in the bones, both small and large.
The development in life sciences has led to the development of methods of surgery and orthopedics in particular, where fracture splinting has developed from the use of simple splints to the use of gypsum and then metal bars, especially from metals that do not harm the body, to the discovery of many new diseases by available research means and follow-up of patients before specialists in this field.
Orthopedic surgery is performed on any part of the skeleton, including:
Shoulder and elbow.
Foot and ankle.
Hand and forearm.
Orthopedic injuries resulting from accidents.
Diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system and repair of ligaments and tendons.
Inflammation of the bones and nerves.
Reconstruction, Orthopedics and Endoscopy.
Orthopedic surgery is not limited to treating and repairing the damaged ones, but rather includes replacing them with joints and metal bones, such as replacing the knee and replacing the pelvis. In some cases, lameness problems may be repaired surgically to avoid joint deformation and damage to the healthy leg.
There are other operations within orthopedic surgery with unsatisfactory motives, such as the Iliz AROF operation, which increases the height of short people by an average of 15-25 centimeters.
What is Orthopedic Surgery?
Orthopedics is a branch of surgery; specialized in correcting bone and joint deformities, treating their diseases, and preventing these deformities from occurring in the future. Its specialists are called; Orthopedic surgeons.
What does orthopedic surgery include?
Correction of congenital malformations of the bones of children.
Treatment of chronic arthritis, fractures and dislocations.
Treatment of lumpy joints and bone tumors.
It also includes orthotics; the use of physical therapy, and the use of medical shoes.
The importance of orthopedic surgery
Orthopedic surgery is concerned with modifying, straightening, or repairing deformities in the bones.
Among the important abnormalities that fall within the scope of orthopedic surgery:
Posterior dislocation of the hip joint.
Deformities caused by polio.
Deformities resulting from acute or chronic infections of the bones and joints, such as joint tuberculosis and others.
As well as cases resulting from poor treatment of some injuries of the bones and joints, such as dislocations and fractures, and is used to correct or treat these deformities.